Today is world cancer day and i thought it good to discuss screening for prostate cancer. Screening is an inevitable tool to preventing prostate cancer disease.
Screening is a periodic assessment of the prostate to ascertain its viability. It can be called prostate check up. Prostate cancer screening is necessary since there is no obvious cause of prostate cancer, but risk factors like manhood, age, genetic etc. Those at risk can prevent its occurrence or if detected early, get treated and ensure healthy living.
As long as you are a man, you need to screen for prostate disease, especially if you are more than 40 years or you have family history of prostate disease. Although, there is a serious physical and psychological impact of prostate cancer, modern methods of detection and treatment of prostate cancer is very effective when diagnosed early.
In prostate screening, the three indices used in determining whether a person has prostate cancer include: 1) Prostate specific antigen (PSA), 2) Digital rectal examination (DRE) and 3) Prostate biopsy and histology. Prostate specific antigen (PSA), is the most commonly measured parameter. PSA screening is a simple blood test that measure the amount of prostate specific antigen, a protein produced by the prostate gland. The normal serum level is estimated to be 0-4ng/ml. An abnormal PSA result >4ng/ml is only one indicator of prostate disease. Further testing include repeat PSA, and or a DRE and prostate biopsy and histology.
The only definitive way to confirm a diagnosis of prostate cancer is with prostate biopsy result, which will assign a Gleason score or grade to the cancer. This score helps physician determine what stage and how advance the cancer is and assess the need for treatment.
Warning signs for prostate screening. Many men with early prostate cancers show no symptoms. At more advanced stages, you may notice: difficulty with urination, blood in the urine, impotence, bone pain in hips, spine and ribs, nerve pains, muscle weakness and numbness in the feet.
Guideline for prostate cancer screening. The American cancer society recommended the following guidelines for prostate cancer screening. a) Men 50-60 years who are at average risk for the disease; b) Men who are 45 years of age and at higher risk either because they are African-American or have a father, brother or son diagnosed with prostate cancer before age 65; c) Men who are 40 years with several first degree relatives with prostate cancer. This is the highest risk group.
However, testing intervals vary based on the degree of risk in an individual. You can read more about prostate disease in my book titled, Prostate, men’s nightmare. Stay healthy by screening for prostate cancer.